Lower back pain is the pits. Unfortunately, it's a fact of life for many people. Indeed, back problems were the third most common reason for people to see a doctor, according to a 2013 paper in Mayo Clinic Proceedings .
A strong core is important when dealing with back pain.
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That's no surprise given the constant wear-and-tear our backs endure. "We put so much stress and strain on our lower backs throughout the day," says Emily McLaughlin, in-house certified fitness trainer and nutrition expert at 8fit . "Whether you're on your feet or sitting most of the day, gravity pulls us down and a compression occurs in the lower back."
Often, the best medicine is movement. And perhaps no type of exercise is better suited to help deal with — or even prevent — back pain than Pilates. It strengthens, stabilizes and supports your core, including the areas near your spine and surrounding muscles, per the American Council on Exercise . Since your abs and back are complementary body parts, buttressing one benefits the other.
Simply put, "a stronger core means a stronger back," McLaughlin says. Case in point: a June 2014 study in Clinical Rehabilitation found that people with chronic lower back issues who practiced Pilates reported less pain and a better quality of life compared to those who relied on medication alone to relieve their symptoms.
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Try This 20-Minute Pilates Routine for Lower-Back Pain
This 20-minute routine — designed by McLaughlin — will get you started on the right road to a pain-free lower back.
Do: each of the exercises in order, repeating the circuit 4 times, resting for 1 minute in between
Move 1: The Hundred
Lie on your back with your legs extended, feet together and arms by your side.
Press your lower back into floor, tuck your chin to your chest and curl your and shoulders off the floor.
Lift your legs to a 45-degree angle and reach your arms long, so your hands are past your hips.
Gently pump your arms up and down.
Inhale for 5 counts, then exhale for 5 counts, pressing your lower belly down into the spine.
Repeat this movement pattern 10 times for a total of 100.
Move 2: Roll Up
Start by lying on the ground, arms overhead and feet flexed. Bring your arms straight up over the shoulders.
Then, exhaling, tuck the chin and begin to sit up by engaging the core.
Reach the hands towards the toes, engaging the glutes and hamstrings to keep the feet grounded.
Reverse the movement and return to starting position on an inhale.
Repeat for 60 seconds.
Move 3: Single-Leg Bent Knee Stretch
Start lying down. Pull the right knee into the chest and curl the upper back off the floor.
Lift the left leg off the ground, then switch legs, pulling the left knee in and straightening the right leg out, letting it hover above the ground.
Repeat for 30 seconds, exhaling every time you pull a knee in.
Move 4: Double-Leg Stretch
Start lying on your back with your knees pulled into your chest and upper back lifted off the floor.
Inhale, then exhale and extend your arms overhead and your legs long.
Hold that position for a second before exhaling back to the starting position.
Repeat for 30 seconds.
Move 5: Glute Bridge
Lie on your back with your knees bent and the soles of your feet on the floor.
Press your weight into your heels and raise your hips.
Lift your hips until your body forms a straight line from your shoulders to your knees and squeeze your glutes at the top.
Lower your hips down to the starting position.
Repeat for 30 seconds.
Move 6: Triple Crunch
Start lying on your back with your knees bent and your feet planted hip-width apart on the mat.
With your hands by your ears, exhale and lift your upper body 1/3 of the way up, then lift 2/3, then all the way up.
Inhale, returning to starting position, and repeat for 30 seconds.