An attempt was made to improve osteochondral healing with allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) along with certain growth factors. Induced knee osteochondral defects were filled as: phosphate buffer saline (group A); MSCs in collagen gel (group B); group B plus insulin like growth factor-1 (group C); group C plus transforming growth factor β-1 (group D). Gross and scanning electron microscopy showed superior morphology and surface architecture of the healed tissue in groups D and C. Histologically, group D revealed hyaline cartilage characteristic features followed in order by group C and group B. In all treatment groups, chondrogenic matrix, collagen () and were secreted. Combined use of MSCs and growth factors could accelerate osteochondral healing.
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Bone-marrow-derived, non-hematopoietic cells that support HEMATOPOETIC STEM CELLS. They have also been isolated from other organs and tissues such as UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD, umbilical vein subendothelium, and WHARTON JELLY. These cells are considered to be a source of multipotent stem cells because they include subpopulations of mesenchymal stem cells. Transfer of MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization. Cells that can develop into distinct mesenchymal tissue such as BONE; TENDONS; MUSCLES; ADIPOSE TISSUE; CARTILAGE; NERVE TISSUE; and BLOOD and BLOOD VESSELS. These growth factors are soluble mitogens secreted by a variety of organs. The factors are a mixture of two single chain polypeptides which have affinity to heparin. Their molecular weight are organ and species dependent. They have mitogenic and chemotactic effects and can stimulate endothelial cells to grow and synthesize DNA. The factors are related to both the basic and acidic FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTORS but have different amino acid sequences.